“The purpose of theology is neither to dissolve, nor to explain, the mysteries of the Faith; rather the purpose of theology is to define what the church believes, teaches and confesses about these mysteries in such a way as to enable contemplation and worship of God while avoiding heresy.”
The following theses are from Craig Carter’s new book,Contemplating God with the Great Tradition: Recovering Trinitarian Classical Theism (Baker Academic, 2021). These theses are a corrective to the relational theism so prevalent in Protestantism, and serve to help evangelicals today return to the biblical, classical, and Nicene doctrine of God.
This is what Matthew Barrett has to say about Dr. Carter’s new book:
For decades evangelicals have been absorbing relational theism and have assumed that it is consistent with the biblical witness. Craig Carter exposes this faulty assumption, revealing social trinitarianism’s radical inconsistency with Scripture’s own presentation of the triune God. Thankfully, Carter also knows the antidote and summons us back to classical Christianity. Only by taking ressourcement seriously and sitting with hermeneutical humility at the feet of the Great Tradition can we escape the captivity of modern manipulations of the Trinity.
Read more about these theses of classical theism in Contemplating God with the Great Tradition today.
Thesis #1: Christian theology consists of the doctrine of the church of Jesus Christ derived from Holy Scripture, not the opinions of mere human beings.
Thesis #2: Theology is the study of God and all things in relation to God.
Thesis #3: Theology can be divided into two parts: 1) that which is taught explicitly in Scripture and 2) that which may be deduced from what is taught explicitly in Scripture.
Thesis #4: Christian theology consists of exegesis, doctrines and metaphysical implications of doctrine, which form the context for further exegesis.
Thesis #5: God’s existence is evident to reason even though fallen human beings either deny God’s existence or refuse to be grateful to Him and worship Him because of sin (Rom. 1:20).
Thesis #6: God is the first cause of all that exists but is not Himself caused, since existence is part of his own essence (Ex. 3:14).
Thesis #7: God has aseity or independence of creation; while creation is dependent on God the reverse is not true.
Thesis #8: God is eternal, which means that He has neither beginning nor end as all creatures do.
Thesis #9: As the first cause of all that exists other than himself, God is immutable.
Thesis #10: As Pure Act, God is simple.
Thesis #11: God is transcendent, which means that He is not a being within the universe, but the Sovereign Lord of all that exists.
Thesis #12: The language we use for God is analogical rather than either univocal or equivocal.